According to the Brain Injury Association of America, more than 3.5 million children and adults sustain an acquired brain injury (ABI) each year, but the total incidence is unknown.
• Electric shock
• Infectious disease
• Lightning strike
• Near drowning
• Oxygen deprivation (hypoxia/anoxia)
• Seizure disorders
• Substance Abuse
• Toxic exposure
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a subset of ABI and is caused by trauma to the brain from an external force, according to the Brain Injury Association of America. At least 5.3 million Americans live with TBI-related disabilities.
• Falls – 40.5 percent
• Struck by/against – 15.5 percent
• Motor vehicle – 14.3 percent
• Assaults – 10.7 percent
• Unknown – 19 percent
• At least 2.5 million children and adults sustain TBIs in the U.S. each year:
• Of these, 2.2 million are treated in emergency departments
for TBI each year.
• In addition, 280,000 hospitalized for TBI each year.
• And 50,000 die because of TBI each year.
(Above, Sen. Pat McGuire, D-Crest Hill presents a certificate of recognition to brain injury support group founding members (from left) Jean Lawrence, Kathy A. Miller and Molly Snodgrass).